The best ornamental trees and shrubs for the garden
Gardens and summer cottages of the new wave - stylish cottages, with a comfortable recreation area for the townspeople, surrounded by a beautiful landscape. A traditional summer cottage, the main function of which is to harvest, also necessarily includes a recreation area, lovingly decorated by the owners. It is for the spectacular design of the backyard, a beautiful lawn, a playground for children that ornamental plants and trees are needed, which are worth talking about in detail.
The role of ornamental shrubs and trees in the modern garden
Besides the natural aesthetic function - to give a person the pleasure of the beauty of nature, ornamental trees and shrubs are used by gardeners and designers to solve purely practical problems... Visual extension of a too narrow or very small area. Decoration of outbuildings, strengthening of slopes and talus. Zoning the site, creating dividing screens between the garden and the backyard area. Protection of the individual space of a small summer cottage from prying eyes, without erecting a fence.
Popular ornamental trees in the garden and in the country
The current trend in gardening is a beautiful, fruitful garden that does not require huge physical costs for the care and maintenance of decorativeness. The priority is the beauty and unpretentiousness of trees; the practical benefits of plantings fade into the background. This explains the popularity of new forms of fruit and forest trees presented by modern breeding:
- compact standard trees with a spherical crown;
- dwarf forms fruit and forest trees;
- weeping forms;
- columnar hybrids familiar trees.
An interesting novelty is the use of forest trees for decorating a summer cottage. For example, hornbeam seedlings are sold by nurseries at bargain prices. Hornbeam is great for creating hedges, decorative backdrops and walls.
To create spectacular compositions, lawn edging, trees of different heights are used:
- tall (up to 6 m);
- medium-tall (up to 3 m);
- undersized and dwarf trees (up to 1.5 m).
A backdrop is formed from tall trees (wall, or focal point), which is complemented by trees and shrubs below. From the undersized, the foreground of the composition is formed. Trees can be decorated with gravel, located on an open lawn, solo, or combined into relief, multi-tiered groups.
The tallest are planted in the background, then the middle ones. Low-growing trees and shrubs are placed in front.
Recognized leader - coniferous trees
Mature plants require little or no maintenance. Conifers are decorative all year round, including winter. In early spring, many species bloom with bright lilac candles, reminiscent of Christmas tree decorations.... Then comes the time of active growth, the young growth is much brighter than last year's branches. During this period, all conifers look especially elegant.
Spruce grows well on swampy soils, this is especially true for the Moscow region. Pine is drought-resistant, tolerates pruning well, which allows varying height and decorative shape. For low hedges, walls, yew can be recommended... Yew holds its shape perfectly, does not require significant pruning.
An unpretentious thuja can be safely chosen as the main decorative element of the garden, which will unite the plantings with a single idea. Thuja of different varieties will perfectly fit into a composition with undersized shrubs, variegated and flowering trees.
In the nursery, you can pick up varieties of pyramidal, elliptical, or spherical shape... The garden wall of thujas, planted with a smooth line, looks very interesting. This allows you to unusually beat even a standard summer cottage.
For the middle lane, varieties and hybrids of Western thuja are recommended. The unpretentious Brabant variety is suitable for the formation of a wall, backstage. A single thuja will grow wide, a close planting of a thuja (after 0.5 m) will form a too low wall... The optimal distance between the seedlings of the Brabant variety is 1 m. An interesting variety is Wagner's thuja, which has a rounded shape, lower in growth. Tuya is very fond of shower, spraying, sprinkling.
Most popular maple Canadian, Plane, Norway maple with burgundy foliage. They are great soloists on the open lawn, are good in compositions and against the backdrop of hedges.
Like most plants with a brightly colored leaf, decorative colored maples prefer a sunny spot. In the shade, the natural color will be faded... Maple prefers fertile soil with neutral acidity. Young seedlings should be covered for the winter. An adult plant of a frost-resistant variety will no longer require this.
Exotic for lovers
It can be formed as a bush, but a full-fledged tree with a picturesque crown can grow. Blooming magnolia is an exotic sight, most varieties have a delicate, vanilla-citrus aroma... Magnolia is covered with large flowers (bud length up to 12-15 cm). The color scale and shape of the opened flower differs very radically in different varieties of magnolia.
The whimsicality of magnolia is greatly exaggerated; for successful cultivation, it is enough to follow a few rules. When planting magnolias, special attention should be paid to the root system and the choice of planting site. It is necessary to buy magnolia with a root ball (in a plastic container), preferably in a nursery or garden center... When planting, try not to injure the roots of the seedling. Magnolia is very fond of the bright sun, does not tolerate drafts and winds. The optimal landing site is under the southern wall of the house, any outbuilding. He does not like calcareous soils, so such lands must be acidified with peat. There is no need to care for an adult plant, only minimal sanitary pruning. For growing in gardens of the middle lane, deciduous forms of magnolia, and the corresponding hybrids are recommended.
Young seedlings, even frost-resistant varieties, should be covered for the winter (mulch the roots and cover the crown with agrofibre).
The Japanese relative of the familiar cherry, is famous all over the world for its magical flowering. The growing conditions for sakura and magnolia are identical. A sunny place without drafts; neutral or slightly acidic soil... Like ordinary cherries, sakura will need seasonal spraying from pests, abundant watering, and significant pruning.
Sakura does not have to be bought, it reproduces well by cuttings... It is much cheaper than buying a seedling. In August, the stalk is grafted onto a traditional cherry (or sweet cherry) by budding method (with an eye, a kidney).
Decorative forms of fruit trees
The apple tree familiar to everyone has many decorative subspecies that bloom more abundantly than simple apple trees. Blooming with scarlet flowers, Ola's apple tree is simply flooded with flowers so that you cannot see the branches.
Ornamental varieties are grown in the usual agricultural technique, familiar to gardeners for caring for traditional apple trees. Fruits - small (heavenly) apples adorn the garden until late autumn... Yellow, red, purple - look great on the branches. They attract birds to the garden, this is a modern option for a natural solution to the pest problem. From heavenly apples, an original jam is obtained. Particularly interesting are weeping forms, with a variegated and colored leaf.
Ornamental shrubs in landscape design
The shrubs in the garden technically fulfill the natural function of the underbrush. From an aesthetic point of view, shrubs harmoniously complement garden trees and flower beds, performing the role of middle management. This is an extensive class of diverse plants, we will focus on especially popular species.
Junipers: type and variety of bushes
Emphasized decorativeness, a wide variety of forms and varieties, the names of the most common are given below. By releasing phytoncides, junipers significantly purify the air. In sunny weather, a healing aroma hovers near such a plant.... A common plus of junipers is frost resistance. Bath lovers will find young juniper twigs useful, which are added to bath brooms for aroma.
The recognized varieties include Variegata juniper... Flat, with scaly azure needles, and contrasting sandy tassels at the end. The shrub is shade-tolerant, but in a sunny place the decorative brushes of the Variegat will be brighter. An adult plant in a sufficient area will look like a lush flower bed.
An unpretentious smoky plant, prefers light soils, looks great in a composition with variegated hosts, common and tree peonies. Loves loosening and sprinkling of branches... When transplanting, the pit should be 2 times the size of the root ball. Junipers do not resist pruning, although they do not need to be pruned.
There should be at least 1 - 1.5 meters between the bushes of the Cossack juniper. In adulthood, it is a sprawling, lush bush.
Rocky Sky Rocket
Tall Blue Juniper - Rocky Sky Rocket... In diameter up to 1 meter, height up to 7 meters. It looks like a slender tree, vaguely resembles a cypress.
Low juniper Glauka (up to 30 cm), can grow up to 3 meters wide. The powerful root system of this plant allows you to strengthen the slopes, if necessary. This is a suitable plant for the foreground of a garden composition.
The fastest growing medium juniper - Mint Julit, reaches 3.5 m in width, up to 1.5 m in height... The Blue Carpet is an active aggressor, occupying a vast area. Reacts to pruning with increased growth. This must be taken into account when planting, but you can use it for your own purposes.
Barberry - add bright accents
An interesting bush shape, delicate branches, bright foliage inherent in various varieties, allows the barberry to lead among the colored shrubs. Blooms actively in spring. The crown of purple, red, lilac, lettuce color in summer, incredibly transforms in autumn... This is a real carnival of colors, from lemon to wine-colored foliage, scarlet bunches of fruits. Barberry berries are an excellent seasoning for pilaf and meat dishes.
Barberry looks great in single and group plantings. The front garden, the alpine slide, the edging of the meadows - all these compositions will successfully complement the barberry of the variety and colors you like. Barberries of different heights (from 30 cm to 1.5 m) can be interestingly beaten in a prefabricated mixborder... Thunberg barberry is good in combination with conifers. The undersized cushion-shaped barberry Green Carpet is used for Japanese-style rocky compositions.
Barberry grows well in an open, sunny place, not picky about soils. Does not tolerate stagnation of soil input, when planting the barberry, a high-quality drainage cushion should be provided.
Japanese quince Henomeles
Low-growing shrub (up to 80 cm) inlooks very exotic, blooms profusely with orange-red flowers... In summer and autumn, it is decorated with fruits that resemble paradise apples. Used for flower beds and rose gardens.
Japanese quince grows well on light sandy loam soils, loves lighted places. Excellent jam is made from the fruits of the hostess.
A familiar shrub that never ceases to delight with its beauty and useful berries. Viburnum is very good in bloom, in autumn it turns crimson-yellow, red clusters of berries glow in the sun.
Kalina loves shady places, the bush can grow quite extensively. This property of viburnum can be successfully used to decorate outbuildings, blank walls of sheds. Loves good watering, land for planting is mixed with humus (1 × 1)... The land under the viburnum bush should be mulched with tree bark, this will help the moisture-loving plant to develop.
It grows wild in central and southern Europe, in North Africa, in the European part of Russia, mainly in its middle part and in Asia Minor. Rarely found in the west and north of Russia. Kalina can be found in Central and Western Siberia, as well as in the eastern and northern regions of Kazakhstan. Viburnum vulgaris does not grow in Central Asia and the Far East.
Familiar from indoor forms, the Large-leaved garden hydrangea is a godsend for lovers of bright, actively flowering plants. Large inflorescences (12 - 15 cm) bloom in July, remain on the branches until autumn. An adult wisteria bush is not tall (up to 1 m), it can reach two meters in diameter, this must be taken into account when planting... Large inflorescences are white, greenish, crimson, pink and even blue.
Hortense loves enough lit places, but direct sunlight is harmful to her. You will need moist, slightly acidic soil, abundant watering, top dressing. When planting, peat, sand, coniferous forest land are added to the earthen mixture. Feeding the hydrangea with iron preparations, amateurs achieve a bright blue color of the inflorescences from the hydrangea... It is advisable to mulch the trunk circle with needles, use slightly acidified water for irrigation. For the winter, the hydrangea should be covered.
Interesting novelty: columnar fruit trees
The compact, productive trees, strewn with fruits of the usual size, have fascinated many gardeners. Columns bear fruit in the second year, take up little space, and are easy to care for... The lifespan of such a tree is up to 15 years, in contrast to the usual longevity of ordinary trees of fruit and stone fruit crops.
What are the columnar trees
Columnar apple - undersized, dwarf (relative to the standard) standard tree... Proven high-quality varieties - Arbat (medium-ripening red apple), Bolero (winter), Gin (summer variety).
On sale are seedlings of columnar trees of the latest selection: plums, cherry plums, pears, peaches. The main problem is the instability of the variety. Dying off of the lower branches, changes in the shape of the crown (formation of a "broom"), freezing of growth buds, degeneration of the variety. Sellers are outright fraudulent. If you decide to grow columns, buy adapted seedlings from proven regional nurseries.
At the moment, only the columnar apple tree boasts a large number of resistant varieties. The rest of the columnar novelties can be purchased only at your own peril and risk.
Features of planting and caring for fruit fruit trees
Columns are very comfortable for handling and maintenance, organizing drip or spot irrigation. The growth of an adult fruit tree is about 1.5 m, it is grown in the usual agricultural technology, like ordinary fruit and stone fruit trees... Depending on the variety, seedlings are planted at a distance of 0.4 - 0.7 m from each other. The distance between the rows is 2 - 2.5 m. Seasonal pruning, pest control, top dressing, loosening of the root circle will be required.
After planting a one-year-old seedling, the plant will show its variety in the first year. To do this, leave 2-3 flower ovaries on the tree, it is better to remove the rest of the flowers in the first year... The seedling needs strength to adapt to a new place, to form a healthy root system.
Selection does not stand still, popular varieties are constantly being improved... Whether experimenting with original novelties, or choosing a decorative variety that has been proven over the years, this is a constant temptation for the gardener.Based on your taste preferences, you can choose an original decoration for your favorite garden.
Moisture-loving plants and shrubs for the suburban area
There are no ideal summer cottages. On some - increased dryness or excess moisture, on others - unusual features of the soil, on the third - elevation changes, on the fourth, groundwater lies near the surface itself. If the soil on the site is swampy or too damp, it is quite possible to do without powerful drainage. To preserve the natural landscape, you need to plant suitable plants on it. Moisture-loving trees and shrubs delight the eye with luxurious foliage and lush flowering.
Experts who are professionally engaged in landscape design say that there are simply no bad sites for them. Whatever features the site has, it always provides rich opportunities for the implementation of the most daring ideas. It is only important to choose the option that meets the specific conditions. In waterlogged areas, you can equip a "wet garden" by planting trees and shrubs on them, which tolerate the lack of oxygen in the soil well.
Shade-loving and shade-tolerant: what's the difference?
The main difference between shade-loving plants and shade-tolerant plants is that the former do not need direct exposure to sunlight at all. They like to exist in the shadows. But shade-tolerant sunlight love, but even without it they are able to grow and develop, however, not in all their natural strength and power. Such cultures are scientifically called sciogeliophytes. Lovers of the shade were called sciophytes, in nature this group is the smallest and least diverse.
There are not too many dark spots on the average garden plot. Although many gardeners think differently and mistakenly take for a dark zone that corner where the wave can comfortably accommodate the landing. In fact, only the gaps between buildings and the fence, where sunlight practically does not penetrate, are unsuccessful landing sites. But even there, with proper care, you can grow a fruit and berry tree, for example, cherry plum or tall cherries.
What trees to plant: decide on the choice
The choice of suitable ornamental trees depends on the climate in the region, the size of the garden plot, the personal preferences of the owner-gardeners, and their financial capabilities. For cold northern latitudes, it is better to acquire frost-resistant species - the southern varieties will have to be additionally insulated, and this is unnecessary trouble, especially when there are a lot of such trees. In warm areas, the choice of suitable vegetation is slightly more, but some species are very picky about the composition of the soil, its acidity, the frequency of watering, which is especially important in arid regions.
Tall trees with wide crowns are placed on large, spacious areas, but for limited spaces this option is unacceptable - such species are able to shade the space almost completely, preventing the shorter ones from developing normally.
Some summer residents acquire low tub trees, which are mainly exotic - they spend the summer outdoors and winter indoors.
Choosing trees by garden parameters
Ornamental trees are conventionally divided into:
- undersized - less than 10 m in height. These include: warty birch, Jung's birch, prickly hawthorn, weeping ash, palm-shaped maple, yellow acacia, Japanese quince, dahurian juniper, bean
- medium-sized - about 10-15 m in height. These include: green maple, Tatar maple, western thuja, common mountain ash, weeping willow, weeping birch
- tall - at least 15 m in height. These include: oak, linden, common spruce, chestnut, forest beech, plane maple.
Tall woody plants create vertical accents of space, three-dimensional landscape, give a lot of shadow, create a sense of security. For small plots, even three to four meter trees will become tall, for larger ones - 25-30 meter giants. As part of various wood compositions, dwarf varieties of familiar trees are also used - no more than 1.5 meters high. Experts recommend combining several options in your garden, creating unique landscapes.
All ornamental woody plants are subdivided into:
- conifers - their seeds develop, ripen in cones of various shapes. Most of these species have needle-shaped leaves of various lengths, thicknesses with or without a waxy coating, in some varieties the foliage is flat, scaly
- deciduous - flowering plants with petioled leaves. The foliage has a varied configuration, ranging from light green to crimson red. Leaves bloom in spring and wither and shed in autumn
- fruit ornamental - varieties of common fruit trees, often have a small height, small fruits, beautiful leaves
- exotic species are imported species, often not adapted to the climate of middle latitudes. Usually they require protective shelter when the cold weather sets in.
Unpretentious, mostly tall, although small varieties are also found, they can grow well on almost any soil.
Description of the most common types with names:
- juniper - grows in brightly lit or medium-shaded places, prefer moisture-absorbing, light, loose soils. Strong waterlogging does not tolerate well, therefore it is often planted on slopes, in rockeries, high flower beds. Varieties: Chinese - has a bronze-yellowish color, height up to two meters, horizontal - bluish needles, grows up to 50 cm, scaly - actively grows in width, height about 30 cm
- pine - grows well in sunny, sandy areas, does not tolerate excessive waterlogging. There are common and dwarf breeds. A popular variety is mountain pine with yellowish-green needles, in ten years it grows no more than half a meter, it winters well under the snow
- spruce - good specimens grow in damp, but not overdried, wetlands. Varieties: ordinary - with dark green needles, in 10 years it grows up to 2 m, weeping - long branches fall beautifully to the ground, an adult plant is not higher than eight meters, prickly - a silvery-bluish color, an adult plant reaches 3 m
- fir - requires fertile soil, is very shade-tolerant, grows very slowly, but is capable of reaching 20-50 m. Color - from dark green to silver. Popular varieties - Arizona, Balsamic, Korean
- thuja - grows well on loose, damp, calcareous soils, practically not damaged by pests, has a pyramidal shape. The most common are Canadian, comb, elegantissima.
Deciduous are highly decorative, having leaves of various shapes and sizes. Outstanding representatives:
- Manchurian maple - high - up to 20 m, slender, good honey plant, originally imported from the Far East. The trifoliate leaves are green in summer, red-orange in autumn. Loves the sun, fertile soil, but drought-resistant, cold-resistant
- silver maple - grows up to 35-40 meters in height, cold-resistant, photophilous, grows quickly, requires a lot of moisture. The leaves are five-lobed, green in summer, yellow, red-orange, burgundy in autumn. Maple begins to bloom before the leaves appear
- fluffy birch - unpretentious, frost-resistant, wind-resistant, loves moist soil. Its crown is elongated, almost the entire trunk is white. Seeds are light, spread quickly over long distances, new shoots - with fluff
- drooping birch, or warty, - has a height of more than 35 m, is drought-resistant, grows well in sunny, humid places. The crown is weeping, openwork, green foliage in summer, yellow in autumn.
A wide variety of hybrids, well adapted to the harsh conditions of a temperate climate, makes it possible to beautifully arrange a summer cottage, albeit with a slight damage to the yield and nutritional properties of the fruits.
- small-fruited apple tree - low: it grows to a maximum of 6-10 meters, it is distinguished by good winter hardiness, they prefer neutral soil. The crown is spreading, the leaves are oval, green in summer, reddish-orange in autumn. The flowers are white-pink, the fruits are small, most often red
- Kiku-Shidare cherry or sakura - prefers sunny, calm places, moderately moist nutritious lands. Three to six meters tall, branches drooping, shiny green leaves in summer, orange-yellow in autumn. Blooms profusely with large pink flowers, small fruits
- willow weeping pear - undemanding to the soil, height - up to three meters, silvery leaves, which are often preserved for the winter, white flowers, inedible fruits, small. Leaves, fruits are preserved on the tree in winter.
These species were brought mainly from hot countries, many have adapted well to the local climate, the rest need "warming" if a frosty winter is expected.
- Ash's magnolia is frost-resistant, loves well-moistened, drained soil, sunny, calm places. It grows up to 6-7 meters high. The color of the leaves is from light green to silvery-gray, the flowers are large - up to 30 cm in diameter, white
- Japanese scarlet or gingerbread tree - grows well in well-lit areas, but burns are possible from direct sunlight. Loves wet, slightly acidic soil. Heart-shaped foliage, pinkish-satin in spring, golden crimson in autumn
- rooting tekoma-kampsis - frost-resistant, requires abundant watering, woody perennial, liana with aerial roots, which is fixed on any support. Height 5-15 meters, flowers - bell-shaped, yellow or red-orange
- fragrant brugmansia - prefers "fat" soil, a lot of light, does not differ in frost resistance - requires reliable shelter for the winter or growing in tubs, height up to four to five meters. Flowers - up to 30 cm long, their color is greenish-white.
Frost resistance of trees
Frost-resistant decorative types include:
- Doorenbos birch is the whitest multi-stem photophilous birch, it is suitable for a soil of medium fertility. The leaves are large, the flowers are numerous, inconspicuous, the height is up to 15 meters
- Norway maple Royal Red - sun-loving, undemanding to the composition of the soil, but does not accept swampy areas. Height - up to 20 m, leaves - five-lobed or seven-lobed, red in spring, red-black in autumn
- Rowan ordinary - shade-tolerant, grows on almost any loose soils. It grows up to 5-10 meters, feathery foliage, small flowers, white-yellowish, berry-like fruits.
Trees and shrubs
Planting such plants allows literally in a matter of hours to turn a former construction site or wasteland into a multi-colored oasis, if shrubs or ornamental trees for the garden are bought already grown, in tubs, and replanted with a lump of earth. The main thing is to study their requirements for soil quality and the degree of frost resistance, and choose those that will feel best on your site.
All trees and bushes are divided into three types: flowering, evergreen and decorative deciduous plants for the garden.
You can make such beauty with your own hands!
Beautifully flowering shrubs
Such flowering ornamental shrubs for the garden, such as acacia, wild rose or lilac, are known to everyone and need no introduction.
Let's talk about others with a more exotic look.
- Rhododendron. It blooms in spring with whole clusters of flowers, which, depending on the variety, can have a very unusual color. Incredibly beautiful, but very demanding on the temperature regime - it can freeze in winter. Therefore, it is grown only in the southern regions. A few varieties are adapted to the climate of the middle zone.
- Camellia. An even more thermophilic evergreen that begins flowering in autumn. Camellia has very beautiful dark green glossy foliage, which provides decorative garden shrubs throughout the year.
Advice. Try growing camellia as a potted crop if you have somewhere to take it for the winter.
Look at the photo: the plant is very similar to a rose bush.
- Forsythia. It blooms very early, when foliage does not appear on all trees, so spring pruning is unacceptable. The entire bush is covered with large yellow bells, behind which branches are not visible. Looks especially impressive against the background of conifers in the country.
- Tamarisk. This plant will decorate your ornamental garden with its unusual appearance: in spring it will be covered with pink fluffy frost from small flowers. After flowering, it is recommended to form a bush, and in the fall to prune diseased and dry branches.
- Spirea. It blooms very profusely - the ends of the branches are completely covered with flowers. The flowering time for different varieties is different, which makes it possible to enjoy the beauty from spring to autumn, if you plant several plants of this species.
Evergreen shrubs and trees
These primarily include conifers - decorative spruces for the garden, pines, thuja and other representatives of this species. They will not delight you with flowers, but your dacha will have greenery all year round.
Of course, ship pines and blue spruces are suitable only for large areas, and for small ones or for organizing a compact recreation area, it is better to choose slow-growing and dwarf plants.
- Mountain pine. A very unpretentious little tree that can live on the most scanty soils.
- Dwarf cedar. The same applies to pines, but it grows not so much in height as in breadth, creeping along the ground, therefore it requires a fairly large area. It tolerates harsh winters.
- Yew. Great choice for small areas - grows very slowly, thrives in shade. But it is thermophilic and can die due to the high standing of groundwater, since it does not tolerate constant high soil moisture.
- Tsuga is an original coniferous plant with an unusual crown shape in the form of umbrellas. It can be kept neat by periodically doing a haircut with your own hands. Grows best in areas protected from the wind.
For reference. If you need an evergreen hedge, you can create one by planting crops such as juniper, boxwood, or thuja around the perimeter.
Ornamental deciduous plants
If flowering plants are valued for abundant, but rather short-term flowering, and evergreens - for creating a living background throughout the year, then these ornamental garden plants amaze the imagination with foliage of unusual color or shape. Their competent selection will make your garden original and unforgettable even in the absence of flowers.
We recommend the following types:
- White turf. It stands out among ordinary shrubs with green leaves with a wide white border along their edges. Easily tolerates pruning and bush shaping.
- Barberry Thunberg. A shrub with red or yellow leaves that look very impressive against the background of ordinary green spaces.
- Winged euonymus. The color of the foliage changes by autumn to a bright ruby, and in the spring the plant will delight you with unusual inflorescences collected in a brush.
Note. Depending on the variety, euonymus can be a dwarf plant or grow into a real tree.
There are also deciduous and evergreen species with different requirements for climatic conditions.
Therefore, choose your seedlings carefully.
Care instructions must be provided at the nursery.
- Red maple. The tree is 1.5-3 meters high with likely red leaves.Loves sunny places and moist acidic soil. Young seedlings require shelter for the winter.
Lily of the valley
One of the rarest and most beautiful woody plants, which has bell-shaped white flowers that resemble the bell-shaped lily of the valley.
Some species easily adapt even to a harsh climate, but the splendor of flowering depends on the temperature. The leaves of the galezia are elliptical in shape with pointed tips.
Basic rules for planting ornamental shrubs
The most important thing is to choose varieties that will be maximally adapted to the climatic conditions of your region. This is the main requirement that must be followed when choosing plants. The second most important criterion is location. If your choice fell on light-loving crops, then you need to plant them in a sunny, unshaded place. But shade-tolerant, on the contrary, should be placed under the crowns of large trees or in the shade of buildings. It is not recommended to ignore such a factor as the size of the local area. In a small area, tall and rather lush species will look out of place, and, for example, blooming frost-resistant and dwarf bushes will look just amazing.
If you plan to equip a beautiful hedge in your garden, then you should pay attention to undersized representatives with dense and lush crowns, so that as a result, instead of a charming green fence, you do not get rare pegs with gaps. For this kind of plantings, such varieties as spirea, weigela, etc. are perfect. If you want to form a romantic arch with the help of plants or, say, decorate a gazebo, then in this case it is recommended to choose climbing green crops.
Like any other garden species, it is necessary to plant and replant shrubs in the fall. The most important thing is to ensure that the seedlings have time to take root in the ground before the onset of cold weather. Before proceeding with planting, you need to get rid of weeds and carefully remove the top layer of the earth. Next, we dig a hole of medium depth. The width must be calculated in such a way that it significantly exceeds the size of the root system. It is recommended to loosen the bottom of the recess properly. This is necessary so that the soil is well saturated with oxygen. Fertilizers can be added if desired. For a garter of plants, special pegs are driven into the middle of the pit. If you want to tie up the plant after planting, then there is a high probability of severely damaging the still very weak seedling. After all the above actions, the plant is carefully placed next to the peg, its roots are straightened and covered with earth, compacting the soil.
Beautifully flowering decorative shrubs can perform not only aesthetic, but also functional roles. Densely dropping them along the fence, you can protect yourself from other people's curiosity and "unauthorized" entry. With the help of shrubs, you can also perfectly zone the site, for example, separate the resting place from the zone for growing garden species.
Ornamental shrubs are classified as coniferous and deciduous.
1. Coniferous shrubs in landscape design are widely used as landscaping of adjoining and summer cottages. There is a huge variety of evergreen crops, among which you can easily choose the most suitable species for yourself: juniper, yew, cypress, Maxwell Spruce, etc.
When choosing evergreen breeds for a summer residence, special attention should be paid to:
- Needle tone. The color scheme of these plants includes a variety of shades of blue, silver, yellow and emerald
- Escape form. It can be either spherical or conical.
- Crown texture
- Smell. Certain breeds of conifers produce aromatic essential oils
- The presence or absence of cones. Pine cones can also add flavor to your garden design.
2. Deciduous species are perennial crops with lignified shoots and decorative foliage. They can be planted both in groups and singly. Such shrubs include the following types: Irga Pink, Japanese quince, hydrangea, honey plant, almond, barberry, beautiful fruit, etc.
Deciduous plants are the main bright spots of the garden thanks to the lush crown and pronounced support axis. When choosing such crops, it is worth focusing on the following criteria:
- The shape and density of the crown
- The shape and size of the leaves, the transformation of their color in relation to the season
- The nature of the flowering. Some types of shrubs are characterized by the presence of lush flowers, others have slightly noticeable flowers, and for some crops it is generally difficult to say whether they belong to flowering species or not.
- Blooming time
- Picturesque fruits. Viburnum and mountain ash look especially bright, juicy and contrasting in the garden, which attract enthusiastic glances with red berries, literally “burning” among the monotonous greenery.
Fruitful trees are also actively used in creating stylish landscape compositions. Their names are familiar to many: pear, plum, cherry, apple, etc. The benefits of such crops are obvious - in spring they turn the summer cottage into a fragrant, tender cloud, and in autumn they delight with juicy fruits.
Contrary to popular speculation and opinions, ornamental shrubs for the garden do not require complex maintenance, on the contrary, they are rather unpretentious. Such crops need just about everything in regular watering and periodic mowing. Therefore, do not worry that, having acquired luxurious shrubs, you will have to spend all your free time in the garden.
Luxuriously decorated adjoining territory is the dream of any owner of a suburban area. If you want to turn your meager garden area into a separate fabulous corner - contact our garden design studio "Landshaft Lel" in the Krasnodar Territory. Our experienced specialists will be happy to develop a unique project for you.