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How to grow podophyllum

How to grow podophyllum


Twenty years ago, in the fall, I was presented with a strange plant: it had several small roots and stems. The plant overwintered well and began to grow rapidly.

I really liked its look. Many tubular light vertical stems up to 70 cm high. The stem bears 2-3 carved leaves. The leaves are large, 25-35 cm wide, 10-15 cm long. The leaves are parallel to the ground. In autumn, they become covered with bronze spots. In winter, the leaves disappear. The bush is very exotic.

After a couple of years, in May, the plant finally appeared on the buds. I waited impatiently: how will it bloom? The beauty was amazing - the leaves had not yet fully opened, and the bud had already blossomed. The flower is large, up to 7 cm in diameter, pink in color.

In early August, I was again amazed: a lot of juicy bright red berries appeared between the leaves. The berries are very large, 5-7 cm long, up to 4 cm wide. In shape, the fruits of the plant looked like a large elongated plum.

At this time, the bush looked very beautiful again. Large carved green leaves with bronze spots hung on vertical light stems with a thick wall, and clusters of large bright red berries were kept between them and under them (see photo in the region).

I began to collect information about this unusual plant bit by bit.

It turned out that this rare herbaceous perennial plant is called podophyllum (Podophyllum), from the Barberry family... About ten species of podophyllum are known. I have a podophyllum Emod (R. emodii) in my garden. It grows naturally in India, North America, East Asia.

Podophyllum is an unpretentious, winter-hardy plant, not affected by diseases and pests. It can grow in one place for many years. My podophyll has been growing in one place for 18 years. During this time, I have never watered, fed or fertilized it. I just weeded. Some of my plants are placed on the north side of the currant bushes, in the shade. Part - from the south, in the sun. In both plots, the plants look great. Only on the south side, the berry yield is twice as large.

The podophyllus bushes look very impressive against the background of a solid carpet of periwinkle or stonecrop.

Podophyll reproduces very simply. At the end of summer, the rhizomes with a bud of renewal are separated from the bush and planted to a depth of 5-7 cm at a distance of 20-25 cm from each other.

Podophyllus and seeds reproduce well. I separate the seeds from the pulp. The pulp is juicy and tasty. I cut it finely, mix it with honey, put it in sterile jars and put it in the refrigerator. Every morning I eat 1-2 teaspoons of this sweet mixture on an empty stomach. Tasty and healthy.

I immediately sow the freshly harvested seeds into the soil, mark the place with pegs. Seedlings will appear only after a year, or maybe even later. Be patient. By the way, the roots, leaves, seeds of podophyllum are poisonous! Only the pulp of the berry is edible.

Extracts from the roots of podophyllum have long been used in folk medicine as laxatives, emetic and antihelminthic drugs. It was also used to enhance bile secretion. Podophyllum rhizomes are used to obtain podophyllin medicine. Interest in podophyllin has arisen as a drug that inhibits the growth of malignant tumors. Now it is approved for use in Russian scientific medicine as an adjuvant used in the treatment of papillomatosis of the larynx, as well as for papillomas of the urinary bladder.

This is an exotic plant that adorns my site. Podophyll can also decorate your site, only you need to take into account its small feature. In the spring, when leaves with a bud appear, the podophyll must be covered from spring frosts. The plant is not afraid of frost and will look great, but if the flower freezes, there will be no berries. If you need advice on growing this unusual plant, call: 372-41-62 - I will help you with advice.

L. Kyzurova, amateur gardener


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How to grow mint on a windowsill.

Mint Is a herb that can be brewed as tea and eaten.

If you want to please yourself with a fragrant plant right in the apartment, the best option is to grow it on the windowsill. Mint takes root easily at home.

Mint is an unpretentious plant, any species can be grown at home.

If the mint grows in the garden, it can be dug up and transplanted into a pot in the fall.

Mint on the windowsill in the apartment - this is real, mint seeds take root quickly enough.

The seeds can be purchased at the store or harvested from an adult plant once it blooms.

The plant can also be grown using the cuttings method; for this, cut stems are used. Before planting, they must stand in the water and put down the roots.

What is impassable for landing.

The best time to plant mint is March and first half of April , at this time, daylight hours increase. At the beginning of summer it will be possible to harvest the first crop.

Before you grow mint at home on the windowsill, you need to prepare everything.

To grow mint on a windowsill, we need:

2.Paper or cloth to soak the seeds

3. Container for germination, at least 20 cm in diameter. The mint roots grow in width, so you need to choose pots, there should be holes at the bottom to drain the liquid

5.Drainage, small pebbles or expanded clay

Any fertile and loose substrate is used for planting.

Despite the unpretentious nature of the plant, it is necessary to choose the right place for growing seedlings.

The seedlings should receive sufficient heat and sunlight.

Mint does not tolerate direct sunlight; leaves can dry out from them.

It is undesirable to put the pot near the north window. In the shade, the stems of the plant will be thin, the leaves are small.

In order for mint to grow year-round, it needs to be provided with enough light. From late autumn to early spring, mint requires 11-12 hours of lighting, otherwise the stems will begin to thin and grow in height. Lack of sunlight can be replaced by phytolamps.

Planting mint.

The seeds can be sown directly into the soil with which the pot is filled. If, after germination, the mint will not be transplanted to a new place, you must immediately select a suitable pot.

How to plant correctly:

First, the seeds are poured onto a damp cloth, covered with a piece of cling film on top, left for 2-3 days

In advance, it is necessary to prepare flowerpots or containers for sowing, a drainage layer 2-3 cm high is poured onto the bottom.The containers must be filled with earth and moistened with warm water

The seeds should be spread out on top of the ground and compacted a little with your hands. You cannot bury them, at great depths they may not germinate

Moisten the soil again with warm water from a spray bottle

The pot must be tightened with foil or covered with glass. Every day the soil is ventilated for 10-15 minutes.

When the first shoots appear, the cover is removed and the mint continues to be taken care of.

The first shoots appear as early as 2-3 weeks, they are dug up and transplanted into separate pots.

When the seedlings grow up to 4-8 cm in height, they must be tied to pegs so that they do not fall over.

Care for mint in a pot on a windowsill.

Mint loves warm weather and should be kept in a room at a temperature of 23-26 degrees.

In summer, mint can stand on a balcony or loggia. During the heat, a container of water should melt next to the plant, which will maintain normal air humidity.

In winter, the plant must be removed from the window and placed in a warm place where the temperature will be maintained at 17-20 degrees.

Mint does not tolerate cold, low temperatures are harmful to the plant.

mint in a pot requires regular moistening of the soil, it should not be allowed to dry out.

Excess moisture is also detrimental to the plant, from which the root system will rot.

Watering rules:

The plant is watered when the top soil layer is completely dry. In the summer, 2-3 moistening of the soil per week with a small amount of water is required.

The liquid should not stagnate.In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time per week, if the temperature does not exceed 17-22 degrees

In addition to watering, the plant is regularly sprayed with water as dust accumulates.

Water the plant with soft water.

Before use, it should stand in open bottles for at least 3-4 days.

Top dressing mint

At home, mint requires a little feeding, it is enough to apply fertilizer in the summer 1 time.

The plant is fed with liquid fertilizer, for this, 0.5 g is diluted in 500 ml of water. urea.

At the time of the formation of the first leaves, it is allowed to use a small amount of mineral fertilizers.

Mint does not require a large amount of fertilizers, the concentration indicated on the package must be reduced several times. In the cold season, you do not need to fertilize the plant.

Harvesting mint

Depending on the variety, in 2-3 months after sowing, the stems grow to the desired size.

Shoots can be cut when they

reach 14-18 cm in length.

Potted mint grows quickly, pruning is done regularly.

It is recommended to tear off mint leaves at a distance of 1.5-3 cm from the stem - this promotes the growth of new lateral shoots

You can not pluck the shoots completely. The stems are cut no more than 1/3 of the length, otherwise further growth may stop The most fragrant leaves with a large amount of menthol grow after the appearance of peduncles, but before flowering

During the flowering period, all nutrients are spent on the formation of inflorescences. It is necessary to cut the upper part of the bush 10-15 mm above the junction of the main and side stems

Store the cut mint in the refrigerator in a ventilated container. Stems that did not have time to be used can be dried.

If the bush has grown a lot, it can be divided into several parts and planted in different pots.

The procedure is carried out every 2-3 years, otherwise the leaves will decrease in size and the bush will begin to thin out.

Pests

Despite its intense aroma, mint attracts insects. Some of them grow in soil and can infect healthy plants. This problem can arise if mint is planted in garden soil that has not been disinfected before.

The main pest is the mint flea, which starts in warm, dry weather.

An insect no more than 1.5 mm in size gnaws round holes on the leaves. Similar damage is left by leaf beetles and green scale insects. Together with the soil, weevils and mint mites can get into the pot.

Mint Leaves A real storehouse of vitamins in the cold season is mint on the windowsill, which can be grown even by a novice grower. The fragrant and useful plant is unpretentious in care, it takes root easily and grows quickly.


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